Chithunzithunzi cha Immunoglobulin

Immunoglobulin (anti Anti), ndi molekyulu ya glycoprotein yopangidwa ndi maselo oyera amwazi. Ma antibodies a immunoglobulins ali ndi gawo lofunikira podziwira ndikudziphatikiza ndi ma antigen ena monga ma bacteria ndi ma virus. Ma antibodies amenewa amathandizanso pakuwonongeka kwa ma antijeni amenewo. Mwakutero, amapanga gawo lofunikira pakulimbana ndi chitetezo cha mthupi.

Pali mitundu isanu yayikulu ya Immunoglobulin mwa zolengedwa zoyamwitsa, kutengera mtundu wa amino acid womwe umawonetsedwa m'deralo. Mulinso ma IgA, IgD, IgE, IgG komanso antibodies a IgM. Mtundu uliwonse wa antibodywu uli ndi mawonekedwe ake, motero, umakhala ndi ntchito yapadera komanso kuyankha kwa ma antigen.

Ma antibodies a IgA amapezeka makamaka m'malo otetezeka kwambiri omwe amakhala ndi zinthu zakunja. Madera awa ndi monga mphuno, njira ya mpweya, kugaya chakudya, maliseche, makutu, komanso mawonekedwe amaso. malovu, misozi, ndi magazi mulinso ndi antibodies a IgA

Kumbali inayo, ma antibodies a IgG amapezeka mu madzi aliwonse amthupi. Ma antibodies a IgM amapezeka okha magazi ndi madzi amitsempha.

Ma antibodies a IgE amapezeka mkati mwa mapapu, khungu, komanso mucous membrane. Pomaliza, ma antibodies a IgD amapezeka m'mimba ndi chifuwa.

Apa, tikambirana za IgG.

Kodi Immunoglobulin G (Igg) Amagwira Ntchito Yotani Mthupi la Munthu?

Kodi Immunoglobulin G (IgG) ndi chiyani?

Immunoglobulin G (IgG) ndi monomer; mtundu wophweka kwambiri wamunthu mu seramu yamunthu. Kuphatikiza apo, kuwerengera 75% ya immunoglobulin yonse m'thupi la munthu, ndiwo mtundu waukulu wa immunoglobulin mwa anthu.

Maselo oyera amatulutsa ma antibodies a IgG mu mawonekedwe a yankho lachiwiri la chitetezo chathupi polimbana ndi ma antigen. Chifukwa chakuwonekera kwa thupi la munthu komanso kuphatikiza kwina kwa antigen, IgG yakhala ikugwiritsidwa ntchito kwambiri m'maphunziro a immunological komanso ku diagnostic asayansi. Amagwiritsidwa ntchito ngati anti anti standard m'malo onse awiriwa.

Nthawi zambiri, IgG ndi glycoproteins, iliyonse imakhala ndi ma CD anayi a polypeptide okhala ndi mitundu iwiri yofanana yamitundu iwiri iyi ya polypeptide. Mitundu iwiri ya polypeptide unyolo ndi yopepuka (L) ndi lolemera, gamma (γ). Awiriwa amalumikizidwa ndi ma disulfide bond komanso mphamvu zopanda mgwirizano.

Kusiyana pakati pa mamolekyulu a immunoglobulin G kumabwera molingana ndi kufanana kwawo kwa amino acid. Komabe, mkati mwa molekyulu iliyonse ya IgG, maunyolo awiri a L ndi osayanjananso, momwemo ndi maunyolo a H.

Udindo waukulu wa molekyulu ya IgG ndikupanga chisokonezo pakati pa machitidwe a thupi la munthu ndi antigen.

Kodi ndimagulu angati omwe Immunoglobulin G (IgG) ali nawo?

Immunoglobulin G (IgG) ili ndi zigawo zinayi zomwe zimasiyana malinga ndi discride bond number komanso kutalika kwa gawo la hinge komanso kusinthasintha. Izi zomwe zikuphatikiza ndi IGG 1, IgG 2, IgG 3 ndi IgG 4.

  • IgG 1

IgG1 chimakhala cha pafupifupi 60 mpaka 65% cha IgG yonse. Mwanjira ina, ndiye isotope yodziwika kwambiri mu seramu ya anthu. Makamaka, gulu ili la immunoglobulin lili ndi ma antibodies ambiri omwe amathandiza kulimbana ndi mapuloteni oyipa ndi ma antijeni a polypeptide. Chitsanzo cha mapuloteni omwe amagwiritsidwa ntchito ndi IgG 1 ndi diphtheria, ma bacteria a tetanus ndi mapuloteni a viral.

Makanda obadwa kumene ali ndi muyeso woyeserera wa chitetezo cha IgG1. Ndi nthawi yaukhanda pomwe mayankho amayambanso kuzungulira. Kupanda kutero, kulephera kukwaniritsa kukhudzidwa panthawiyo ndi chisonyezo chakuti mwana akhoza kukhala akuvutika ndi hypogammaglobulinemia, vuto la chitetezo chamthupi lomwe limachitika chifukwa cha mitundu yosakwanira ya mitundu yonse ya gamma globulin.

  • IgG 2

immunoglobulin g gawo 2 amabwera lachiwiri molingana ndi ma isotopu odziwika kwambiri seramu yamunthu. Amakhala pafupifupi 20 mpaka 25% ya Immunoglobulin G. Udindo wa immunoglobulin g subclass 2 ndikuthandizira chitetezo cha mthupi kulimbana ndi ma antijeni a polysaccharide ngati Streptococcus chibayo or Haemophilus influenzae.

Mwana amakwanitsa zaka 2 kapena zisanu ndi ziwiri zodziwika bwino za "akuluakulu" a immunoglobulin g Kuperewera kwa IgG2 kumadziwika ndi matenda opumira pafupipafupi ndipo amadziwika kwambiri pakati pa makanda.

  • IgG 3

Momwemonso, ku IgG 1, Immunoglobulin G isotopes ya gawo laling'ono la IgG3 ndiwambiri ma antibodies. Ma antibodies amenewa amathandiza kuyankha kwamthupi kuti kuthana ndi ma protein omwe amapanga ma protein komanso ma polypeptide antijeni.

5% mpaka 10% ya okwanira IgG mu thupi la munthu ali mtundu wa IgG3. Komabe, ngakhale amakhala ochepa poyerekeza ndi IgG1, nthawi zina IgG3 imakhala ndi ogwirizana apamwamba.

(4) IgG 4

Chiwerengero cha IgG 4 cha IgG yathunthu chimakhala chotsika ndi 4%. Ndizofunikiranso kudziwa kuti gawo laling'ono la Immunoglobulin G limapezeka m'magulu otsika kwambiri mwa ana osakwana zaka 10. .

Komabe, asayansi sanazindikire ntchito yeniyeni ya immunoglobulin g subclass 4. Poyamba, asayansi adalumikiza kusowa kwa IgG4 ndi ziwengo za chakudya.

Komabe, kafukufuku yemwe wapangidwa posachedwa akuwonetsa kuti odwala omwe ali ndi sclerosing pancreatitis, chibayo kapena cholangitis chapakati anali ndi kuchuluka kwa seramu ya IgG4. Chifukwa chake, zomwe akatswiri ofufuza apeza zidasokoneza za gawo lenileni la immunoglobulin g gawo 4.

Ma immunoglobulins omwe amagawana subclass yomweyo ali ndi pafupifupi 90% yofanana mu Homology, osaganizira madera awo osinthika. Komabe, omwe ali amitundu yosiyanasiyana amagawana 60% ofanana. Koma, nthawi zambiri, magawidwe a zigawo zonse zinayi za IGG amasintha ndi zaka.

Ntchito za Immunoglobulin G (Igg) Ntchito ndi Phindu

Ma antibodies a IgG amatenga gawo lofunikira pakuyankha kwachiwiri kwa chitetezo cha mthupi momwe chitetezo cha IgM chimasamalira poyambira. Makamaka, chitetezo cha immunoglobulin g chimateteza kumatenda ndi poizoni m'thupi lanu pomanga tizilomboti monga ma virus, mabakiteriya ndi bowa.

Ngakhale ndi mankhwala ochepa kwambiri, ali ochulukitsa kwambiri mthupi la nyama, kuphatikizanso aanthu. imakhala mpaka 80% ya ma antibodies onse omwe amapezeka m'thupi la munthu.

Chifukwa cha kapangidwe kake kosavuta, IgG imatha kulowa mkati mwa placenta ya munthu. M'malo mwake, palibe gulu lina la Ig lomwe lingachite izi, chifukwa cha zovuta zawo. Mwakutero, imagwira ntchito yofunika kwambiri kuteteza mwana wakhanda m'miyezi yoyambirira ya kutenga pakati. Ichi ndi chimodzi mwamaubwino a immunoglobulin g.

Kodi Immunoglobulin G (Igg) Amagwira Ntchito Yotani Mthupi la Munthu?

Ma molekyulu a IgG amachitika ndi ma Fcγ receptors omwe amapezeka pa macrophage, neutrophil ndi maselo amapha maselo mwadzidzidzi, kuwapatsa mphamvu. Kupatula apo, mamolekyulu amatha kuyambitsa dongosolo lothandizira.

Dongosolo lothandizira ndi gawo limodzi la chitetezo cha mthupi ndipo ntchito yake yayikulu ndikulimbikitsa mphamvu ya antibody ndi phagocytic cell kuchotsa ma virus ndi maselo ovulala m'thupi la munthu. Dongosolo limathandizanso kuthekera kwa ma antibodies ndi ma cell kuwononga cell membrane wa tizilombo toyambitsa matenda ndikuwapangitsa kuti achulukane. Izi ndi zina mwa mapindu a immunoglobulin g.

Thupi lanu limatulutsa anti immunoglobulin g poyankha mochedwa kuti muchepetse matenda. Thupi limatha kusunga mankhwalawa kwa nthawi yayitali kuti athandizire polimbana ndi tizilombo toyambitsa matenda omwe amatenga matendawa komanso kuthandizira kuchotsa omwe awonongedwa ku dongosolo lanu.

Chifukwa cha kupirira kwapamwamba kwambiri kwa seramu, ma IgG ndi othandizira kwambiri othandizira kupewetsa Katemera. Mwakutero, IgG nthawi zambiri imakhala chizindikiritso kuti mudadwala kapena mwalandira katemera posachedwa.

Kugwiritsa Ntchito Igg Powder

IgG ufa ndizowonjezera zakudya zamafuta zomwe zimagwira ngati gwero la immunoglobulin G (IgG). Imakhala ndi ndende yayitali kwambiri ya IgG kuthandiza thupi lanu kukhala ndi mayankho olimba a chitetezo chamthupi, makamaka ngati muli ndi zovuta zambiri zokhudzana ndi allergen.

Chimodzi mwazofunikira za IgG Powder ndi bovine colostrum yomwe imapereka mndandanda wathunthu wa ma immunoglobulins achilengedwe. Ma immunoglobulin awa amadziwika ndi ma antibodies osiyanasiyana aanthu, kuphatikiza Immunoglobulin G (IgG). Chifukwa chake, immunoglobulin g colostrum ndi njira yothandiza yolimbikitsira chitetezo chathupi cha munthu polimbana ndi matenda.

Ndi immunoglobulin g colostrum monga gawo lake lalikulu, IgG Powder imatha kupereka ngati 2,000 mg ya IgG pa ntchito iliyonse. Ufa umapatsanso thupi lanu mapuloteni (4 g pa ntchito iliyonse)

Makamaka, immunoglobulin g colostrum mu ufa ayesedwa ndikuwatsimikizira kuti athandiza anthu kukhalabe ndi chitetezo cham'mimba champhamvu. Imakwaniritsa izi pomangirira tizilomboto tambiri tambiri komanso poizoni tomwe timayikidwa m'matumbo a m'mimba.

Chifukwa chake, mapindu a immunoglobulin g ndi awa:

  • Kusintha kwamphamvu kwa chitetezo chamthupi
  • Cholepheretsa cholimba m'matumbo (GI)
  • Yachibadwa yotupa bwino moyenera kukonza
  • Thandizo laumoyo wongobadwa kumene
  • Mucosal chitetezo chokwanira, chifukwa cha sanali allergenic odzipereka Immunoglobulin chakudya
  • Kukonza moyenera microbial

Kugwiritsa ntchito

Palibe mulingo wofanana wa ufa wa IgG womwe umatsimikiziridwa mwasayansi. Komabe, akatswiri azaumoyo amati ufa umodzi kapena zingapo za ufa patsiku ndi zabwino. Onjezerani ufa wa IgG ku ma 4 XNUMX amadzi / chakumwa chomwe mumakonda kapena monga momwe dokotala wakupangirani.

Kodi Immunoglobulin G (Igg) Amagwira Ntchito Yotani Mthupi la Munthu?

Kuperewera kwa Immunoglobulin G (Igg)

An Kuperewera kwa Immunoglobulin G (IgG) amatanthauza mkhalidwe waumoyo wodziwika ndi kuperewera kwa Immunoglobulin G wopangidwa ndi thupi. Munthu akakhala ndi vuto la IgG, amakhala pachiwopsezo chotenga matenda chifukwa chitetezo cha mthupi chimafooka.

Tsoka ilo, kuperewera kwa immunoglobulin g kumatha kukukhudzani nthawi ina iliyonse m'moyo wanu, palibe m'badwo uliwonse womwe umalephera kuchita izi.

Palibe amene wakwanitsa kudziwa chomwe chimayambitsa matenda a immunoglobulin g. Komabe, akukayikira kwambiri kuti ndichinthu chochita ndi genetics. Komanso akatswiri azachipatala amakhulupirira kuti pali mankhwala ndi zina zomwe zingayambitse kuchepa kwa IgG.

Kuzindikira kufooka kwa immunoglobulin g kumayamba mwa kukayezetsa magazi kuti mupeze kuchuluka kwa immunoglobulin. Kenako kuyezetsa kwina kovomerezeka komwe kumayimira kuchuluka kwa ma antibody kuti awone kuyankha kwa thupilo kwa katemera wina kumachitika kwa yemwe akuganiziridwa kuti ali ndi vutoli.

Immunoglobulin G Zizindikiro Zofooka

Munthu yemwe ali ndi kuchepa kwa immunoglobulin g atha kuwonetsa izi:

  • Matenda opatsirana monga matenda a sinus
  • Matumbo dongosolo
  • Matenda a makutu
  • Matenda oyambitsa khosi
  • Chibayo
  • matenda
  • matenda oopsa ndipo mwina akupha (nthawi zina)

Nthawi zina, matenda omwe ali pamwambawa amatha kusokoneza zochitika zapamtunda ndi mapapu. Zotsatira zake, ozunzidwa amavutika kupuma.

Chidziwitso china chokhudza matenda omwe amayamba chifukwa cha kuchepa kwa IgG ndikuti amatha kuukira ngakhale anthu omwe adalandira katemera wa chibayo ndi chimfine.

Momwe mungathanire ndikusowa kwa IgG?

Chithandizo cha kuchepa kwa IgG ilinso njira zingapo, chilichonse malinga ndi kutha kwa zizindikiro ndi matenda. Ngati Zizindikiro zili zochepa, kutanthauza kuti zikukulepheretsani kuchita ndi ntchito zanu, chithandizo chanthawi yomweyo chitha kukhala chokwanira.

Komabe, ngati matendawa ali oopsa komanso pafupipafupi, chithandizo chopitilira chingakhale yankho labwino kwambiri. Njira yayitali yayitali ingaphatikizire kumwa kwa maantibayotiki tsiku lililonse kuti mupewe matenda.

Muzovuta kwambiri, chithandizo cha immunoglobulin chitha kukhala chothandiza.

Mankhwalawa amathandizira kukulitsa chitetezo cha mthupi, motero amathandizira thupi kulimbana bwino ndi matendawa. Zimaphatikizapo kubaya mankhwala osakaniza a antibodies (ma immunoglobulins) kapena yankho la pansi pa khungu la wodwala, kulowa mu minofu kapena minyewa yake.

Kugwiritsa ntchito ufa wa IgG kumatha kuwonanso munthu akuchira ku vuto la IgG.

Kodi Immunoglobulin G (Igg) Amagwira Ntchito Yotani Mthupi la Munthu?

Zotsatira zoyipa za Immunoglobulin G

Pambuyo pa mankhwala a immunoglobulin, thupi lanu limatha kuyankha molakwika ndi immunoglobulin g.

Zotsatira zoyipa kwambiri za immunoglobulin g zimaphatikizapo:

  • Kupsinjika kwa mtima
  • Earache
  • malungo
  • Kukuda
  • kutsekula
  • chizungulire
  • mutu
  • Zosangalatsa zopweteka
  • Kufooka kwa thupi
  • Ululu pamalowo jekeseni
  • Throat Kuyipa
  • kusanza
  • Zotsatira zoyipa za immunoglobulin g zimaphatikizapo:
  • Kupuma movutikira
  • Kupuma
  • Sungani
  • Mitengo

Pamene immunoglobulin igG ndi yokwera kwambiri

Pamwamba kwambiri IgG milingo imatha kuwoneka mu systemic lupus erythematosus, atrophic portal veter, cirrhosis, hepatitis yayitali, nyamakazi, subacute bacteria endocarditis, myeloma, non-Hodgkin lymphoma, hepatitis, cirrhosis, ndi mononucleosis.

Kuchulukitsitsa kwa IgG kwa immunoglobulin kumatha kuzindikiranso mu IgG-, matenda enaake (monga HIV ndi cytomegalovirus), kusokonezeka kwa maselo a plasma, matenda a IgG monoclonal gamma globulin komanso matenda a chiwindi.

Pamene immunoglobulin igG yotsika kwambiri

g immunoglobulin g yotsika imayika munthu pachiwopsezo chachikulu chotenga matenda obwereza. immunoglobulin g yotsika imatha kuwoneka mu kuchepa kwa antibody, immunodeficiency syndrome, non-IgG angapo myeloma, matenda oopsa a unyolo, matenda a unyolo kapena kuwala kwa nephrotic.

Mitundu yotsika kwambiri ya antibody itha kukhala zidziwitso zamtundu wina wa khansa, kuvulala kwambiri, chikodzo, matenda a impso, sepsis, kuperewera kwa zakudya m'thupi, matenda a pemphigus, minic tonic ndi matenda osowa m'thupi.

Pamene immunoglobulin IgG ndi yabwino

ngati immunoglobulin IgG ndiyabwino kwa kachilombo ka antigen kama Covid-19 kapena dengue, ndizowonetsa kuti munthu yemwe akuyesedwa akanatha kutenga kachilomboka m'magawo aposachedwa. Komanso, zotsatira zabwino za immunoglobulin g zikuwonetsa kuti munthu uja adalandira katemera posachedwa kuti awateteze ku kachilomboka.

Chifukwa chake, zotsatira zoyipa za immunoglobulin g ndizowonetsa chiopsezo chowonjezereka cha munthu ku matenda okhudzana ndi antigen omwe amathandizira pakuyesa koyenera. Izi zimachitika makamaka ngati zotsatira zabwino siziri chifukwa cha katemera.

chifukwa Is Immunoglobulin G (Igg) Zofunika Kuchita Zamoyo?

Immunoglobulin G (IgG) imakhala yofunikira kwambiri pantchito za moyo chifukwa imagwira ntchito yofunika kwambiri kuti anthu akhale athanzi komanso kuti azitha kupitilizidwa ndi moyo wawo poyerekeza ndi a Immunoglobulins ena.

Makamaka, ma antibodies a IgG amapezeka muzinthu zonse zamadzimadzi, amatero misozi, mkodzo, magazi, zotulutsa kumaliseche ndi zina zotero. Poganizira izi, sizodabwitsa kuti ndizomwe zimagwiritsidwa ntchito kwambiri mthupi, zomwe zimawerengetsera 75% mpaka 80% ya kuchuluka kwa ma antibodies m'thupi la munthu.

Ma antibodies amateteza ziwalo za thupi / ziwalo zomwe zimalumikizana ndimadzi izi ku bakiteriya komanso matenda opatsirana ndi ma virus. Chifukwa chake, popanda kapena magonedwe osakwanira a IgG, simungathe kupita kumisonkhano yatsiku ndi tsiku chifukwa cha matenda obwera mobwerezabwereza.

Kuphatikiza apo, IgG ndiyofunikira pakubereka kwa anthu. Pokhala wocheperako pang'ono mwa ma antibodies onse komanso kukhala ndi kachulukidwe kakang'ono, ndiwokhayo womwe umatha kulowa mkati mwa placenta mwa mayi wapakati. Chifukwa chake, ndiye chitetezo chokhacho chomwe chitha kuteteza mwana wosabadwa ku matenda oyambitsidwa ndi mavairasi ndi bakiteriya. Popanda izi, ana ambiri osabadwa ali pachiwopsezo chachikulu chotenga matenda, zina zitha kukhala zowopsa kapena moyo wonse.

Is Pali Kuyanjana Pakati Pakati pa Immunoglobulin G Ndipo Lactoferrin?

Onsewa a immunoglobulin G ndi lactoferrin onsewa ndi magawo achilengedwe a mkaka wa bovine (kuchokera kwa anthu ndi ng'ombe). Monga immunoglobulin G, kafukufuku akuwonetsa kuti lactoferrin imathandizanso pantchito zosiyanasiyana zoteteza mthupi la munthu.

Zimathandizanso thupi kuthana ndi tizilombo tating'onoting'ono monga bacteria, virus, komanso matenda a fungus. Mwanjira ina, imalimbikitsa mphamvu ya chitetezo chathupi. Chifukwa chake, ma lactoferrin othandizira amatha kuphatikiza immunoglobulin G ufa mu ntchitoyi.

Komabe, lactoferrin ili ndi ntchito yowonjezera; kumanga zachitsulo ndi mayendedwe.

Kodi Immunoglobulin G (Igg) Amagwira Ntchito Yotani Mthupi la Munthu?

Zambiri Zambiri Zokhudza Immunoglobulins

Liti kuyesa ma immunoglobulins?

Nthawi zina, dokotala angakulimbikitseni kuti mukayezetse magazi (immunoglobulin), makamaka chifukwa choganiza kuti muli ndi ma immunoglobulin ochepa kwambiri. Kuyesaku kumayambitsa kukhazikitsa mulingo (kuchuluka) wa immunoglobulin m'thupi lanu.

Makamaka, a mayeso a immunoglobulin Ndikulimbikitsidwa ngati:

  • Matenda obwereza, makamaka sinus, m'mapapo, m'mimba, kapena matumbo
  • Kulimbikira / kutsegula m'mimba
  • Kunenepa kwambiri
  • Zowopsa zodabwitsa
  • zotupa pakhungu
  • zovuta zoyipa zonse
  • HIV / AID
  • Myeloma zambiri
  • Mbiri yakusavomerezeka kwa banja

Dokotala wanu atha kupezanso chanzeru kukufunsani mayeso a immunoglobulin ngati mutadwala mutayenda.

ntchito

Kuyesedwa kwa magazi kwa immunoglobulins kumagwiritsidwa ntchito pothandizira kuzindikira matenda osiyanasiyana monga:

  • Bacteria ndi matenda opatsirana
  • Kusowa kwa chitetezo: Ichi ndi chikhalidwe chodziwika ndi kuchepetsedwa kwa thupi la munthu polimbana ndi matenda ndi matenda
  • vuto la autoimmune ngati nyamakazi ndi lupus
  • mitundu ya khansa ngati myeloma yambiri
  • Matenda obadwa kumene kwa mwana

Momwe mayesowa amachitikira?

Kodi Immunoglobulin G (Igg) Amagwira Ntchito Yotani Mthupi la Munthu?

Chiyeso ichi nthawi zambiri chimaphatikizapo kuyesa mitundu itatu yotchuka kwambiri ya immunoglobulin; IgA, IgG, ndi IgM. Zitatuzo zimayeza limodzi kuti zimupatse dokotala chithunzi cha kuyankha bwino kwa chitetezo chathupi.

Magazi anu ndi omwe angakhale zitsanzo zoyeserera izi. Chifukwa chake, katswiri wololembera amalowa ndi singano mu gawo la mkono wanu kuti mufikire imodzi yamitsempha. Kenako, katswiri amalola magazi kuti atengere mu chubu kapena vial yolumikizidwa ndi singano.

Mwinanso, adotolo angasankhe kugwiritsa ntchito nyemba yanu ya cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) m'malo mwa magazi kuti mukayeze. Mwa kumveketsa bwino, madzimadzi a cerebrospinal ndiye madzimadzi ozungulira msana ndi ubongo wa munthu. Katswiri wanu adzagwiritsa ntchito njira yotchedwa lumbar punication kuti muchotse madzimadzi mu msana wanu.

Kutulutsa kwa gawo lamadzi kumatha kupweteka kwambiri. Komabe, akatswiri omwe akhudzidwa ndi njirazi amathandizanso kupewetsa malo omwe akhudzidwa. Chifukwa chake, chinthu choyamba chomwe katswiri wanu wofuna kupanga labala achita ndi kubaya mankhwala omwe ali m'manja mwanu kuti awononge ululu wonse.

Kenako, katswiri wa labu akufunsani kuti mugone pambali yanu patebulo kenako ndikukoka mawondo anu kuti muyesedwe. Kapenanso, mutha kufunsidwa kuti mukhale pagome. Mukakhala mumagawo awiriwo, katswiriyo amatha kupeza malo anu am'munsi am'munsi.

Chotsatira ndi chakuti katswiri adzaika singano yopanda kanthu pakati pa gawo lanu lachitatu ndi lachinayi la lumbar vertebrae. Kenako, kuchuluka kwamadzimadzi anu amadzaza mu singano. Pakapita masekondi angapo, katswiriyo amapanga singano pamodzi ndi madzi omwe atungidwa mkati mwake.

Pomaliza, zitsanzo zamadzimadzizo zimayikidwa pachifuwa chodziwika ndi chitetezo cha immunoglobulin.

Mawu omaliza

Immunoglobulin G (IgG) ndi ena mwa ma immunoglobulin ofunika m'thupi la munthu. Ena ndi IgA, IgD, IgE, komanso IgM. Komabe, mwa mitundu inayi ya ma immunoglobulins, IgG ndi yaying'ono kwambiri koma yofunikira kwambiri komanso yofunikira m'thupi. Imapezeka m'madzi aliwonse amthupi kuthana ndi chitetezo chathupi polimbana ndi tizilombo toyambitsa matenda (bacteria ndi ma virus).

Kuchepetsa kapena kuchuluka kwambiri kwa immunoglobulin G ndi koipa pa thanzi lanu. Pankhani ya kufooka kwa immunoglobulin g, a IgG ufa mugule ndipo kugwiritsa ntchito kukhoza kukhala gawo loti muchira.

Zothandizira

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