History

Pramiracetam ufa ndi wochokera ku banja la racetam. Kupezeka kwake komanso kupezeka kwake kunayamba kale mu 1970s, chifukwa cha Parke-Davis Company. Zomwe zimafotokozera nootropic kuchokera ku mitundu ina ya mpikisano ndi mawonekedwe ake mamolekyu ndi potency yayikulu.

Kwa zaka, ntchito pramiracetam kwakhala kuli ukali wonse mankhwalawa matenda a dementia, matenda a Alzheimer's, komanso matenda ena amitsempha. Chakumapeto kwa zaka za m'ma 80s ndi 90s, panali mayesero angapo azachipatala, omwe adatsimikizira kufunikira kwa pramiracetam pobwezeretsa kukumbukira kukumbukira.

Zomwe zili zenizeni za mankhwalawa sizingokhala zovuta monga ena nootropics. Mwachitsanzo, mutha kutero kugula pramiracetam ufa ndikuigwiritsa ntchito osapukusa mapewa ndi aboma. Ngakhale simungagule malonda ku Canada, mutha kuyitanitsa mwalamulo kuti muzigwiritsa ntchito. Ku Europe, pramiracetam ufa umangopezeka pansi pa mankhwala ovomerezeka oongolera dyslexia, dementia, Alzheimer's, ndi ADHD.

Chifukwa chiyani Pramiracetam Ndi Wotchuka Kwambiri?

Kugwiritsa ntchito kwa Pramiracetam ndiwotchuka m'malo a nootropics chifukwa cha mphamvu zake. Ndiwothandiza kwambiri kuposa piracetam. Mankhwalawa amagwira ntchito zamatsenga ngakhale ndi mlingo wocheperako. Amapezeka kwambiri ndi moyo wautali.

Zowona kuti mwina simungamve zotsatira zoyipa zilizonse zimapangitsa pramiracetam kuwona kuti ikhale yaphindu. Mankhwala siosokoneza bongo konse. Ndiotetezedwa komanso kulekeredwa bwino mthupi la munthu. Pali mayesero aanthu opambana omwe amatsimikizira kuti iyi nootropic ndiyothandiza. Kupatula apo, imayenda bwino ndi ma raseti ambiri ndi zina nootropics ufa.

Kuphatikizanso kwina kwa pramiracetam ndikuti kupeza kuli ngati kugula ma buluku. Palibe malamulo okhwima omwe amafunikira kuti mukhale ndi mankhwala, makamaka ku US.

Kodi Pramiracetam imagwira Ntchito Motani?

Pramiracetam mafuta sungunuka nootropic imalowa m'magazi kudzera m'mafuta acids. Ili ndi bioavailability yayikulu ndipo ifika pachimake patadutsa mphindi 30.

Mankhwala anzeru awa amachititsa kuwonjezeka kwa choline mu hippocampus. Chifukwa chake, imayang'anira mosadziwika kutulutsidwa kwa acetylcholine (ACh), yomwe imayang'anira ntchito zingapo za ubongo.

ACh imayang'anira kupanga ndikusunga kukumbukira kwanthawi yayitali. Kupatula apo, ma neurotransmitter amatsogolera kuchuluka kwa magazi a mitsempha, chinthu chomwe chimapangitsa kuzindikira.

Kodi Ntchito Pramiracetam ndi Chiyani?

Ku Europe, Pramiracetam ntchito chovomerezeka mankhwalawa. Mankhwala anzeru a neuroprotective awa amagwira ntchito bwino pakulimbikitsa kukumbukira kwanthawi yayitali ndikuwonjezera ntchito za chidziwitso. Ku US ndi Canada, ophunzira amagula pramiracetam ufa wosagwiritsidwa ntchito ngati mankhwala ophunzirira mukamakonzekera mayeso akulu.

Chiyambireni mu 1979, Pramiracetam yakhala mankhwala kwa odwala omwe ali ndi matenda a neurodegenerative ndi traumas yaubongo. Msika womwe amagulitsawo anali makamaka achikulire koma anthu athanzi adalumikizana ndi zomwe amachita pramiracetam, makamaka pakupititsa patsogolo phindu mu maphunziro awo ndi mabizinesi awo.

pramiracetam

Zotsatira & Ubwino wa Pramiracetam

Zimasintha Chikumbutso

Pramiracetam imalimbikitsa kukumbukira kukumbukira. Asayansi sanangoyesa ma nootropics pamitundu ya maine komanso anthu.

Mankhwalawa amagwira ntchito polimbikitsa hippocampus kuti apange zikumbukiro zatsopano, kusunga zakale, komanso kuchepetsa kuiwalika. Ophunzira ambiri amakhala osangalala mu pramiracetam zinachitikira kuwonjezera chikumbumtima chawo pophunzira mayeso.

Kuwongolera Matenda Ozindikira

Pakhala pali mayesero angapo azachipatala omwe amatsimikizira kuchuluka kwa Pramiracetam ufa popewa matenda osachiritsika.

Ubwino wa Pramiracetam odwala ndi dementia posintha amnesia ndikuwonjezera kukumbukira. Ku Europe, mwachitsanzo, mankhwala anzeru ndi mankhwala ovomerezeka pakuthana ndi matenda a Alzheimer's.

neuroprotection

kutenga pramiracetam makapisozi amateteza ma neurons anu. The nootropic imabweza masokonezo am'maganizo kwa odwala omwe ali ndi vuto la ubongo lakuchokera ku ubongo. Zowonjezera, zimachepetsa kuchepa kwazindikiritso komwe kumatha kuchitika chifukwa cha kuyamwa kwa mankhwala a amnesic monga scopolamine.

Kutha Kwambiri Phunziro

Kafukufuku angapo amatsimikizira kuti kumwa mankhwala a pramiracetam nootropic kumathandizira kuphunzira kwa malo. Ndi chidziwitso chowonjezera Izi zidzakuthandizani kuti mumvetse zinthu mosavuta.

The nootropic ikuphonya ntchito ya nitric oxide synthase mu hippocampus. Neurotransmitteryi amachepetsa zovuta kuzindikiritsa ndipo zimagwira gawo lalikulu pophunzira ndi kukumbukira. Imagwira ntchito ndikuwonjezera kupezeka kwa magazi ku ubongo, motero, kusintha zochita za mitsempha.

Pramiracetam imapindulitsa dongosolo lamkati mwa kukulitsa kupanga acetylcholine, amenenso ali ndi dzanja pophunzira. Kuphatikiza apo, mudzakhala ndi chidwi, chidwi komanso kukhala tcheru.

Mlingo Wovomerezeka wa Pramiracetam Powera Pokhapokha

Mlingo wamba wa pramiracetam tsiku lililonse uli pakati pa 400mg ndi 600mg. M'maphunziro azachipatala omwe adalipo kale, mituyi ingatenge 1200mg ya mankhwala osokoneza bongo, makamaka mukatha kudya.

Popeza pramiracetam ufa umakhala ndi theka lalitali kwambiri, mutha kugawa pakati pawiri. Kuchita uku ndi mwayi kwa gulu la pharmacophobic. Mlingo wachitatu patsiku ungakhale njira yabwino kwambiri koma muyenera kuonetsetsa kuti mwalandira mankhwala angapo maola angapo musanakagone. Simukufuna kusokoneza nyimbo yanu yozungulira.

Mutha kugula Pramiracetam mu kapisozi kapena mawonekedwe a mapiritsi. Ufa ndi mafuta osungunuka, chifukwa chake sichikhala lingaliro labwino kuti muwonjezere muchakumwa chanu. Mwinanso, mutha kusungunula mumafuta a kokonati kapena lipids iliyonse. Ngati mukuvutitsidwa ndi kununkhira kwamitundu, muyenera kusankha pramiracetam makapisozi.

Monga newbie, onetsetsani kuti muyambira kuchokera pamtengo wotsika kwambiri momwe mungayang'anire thupi lanu kulolera komanso zotsatira zake. Pambuyo pake, mutha kusintha mlingo kuti ukhale momwe mungakonde ndikuwonjezeranso ena pramiracetam stack.

Zotsatira Zotsatira za Pramiracetam Muyenera Kudziwa

Mosiyana ndi ma racetams ena, zotsatira za Pramiracetam ndizotsatira. Thupi lanu limatha kulolera zowonjezera mosasamala kanthu za mlingo.

Mutha kumva zizindikiro zosakhalitsa monga pramiracetam mutu, chizungulire, kusowa tulo, kupsinjika kwa m'mimba, kapena kukhumudwa. Komabe, mutha kupewa zovuta zoyipa pochepetsa mulingo wa pramiracetam. Ngati mukumva kupweteka mutu pafupipafupi, mungafunike kuyikika ndi choline.

pramiracetam

Pramiracetam VS Piracetam

Piracetam ndiye wotsogolera wa ma nootropics ena onse mu banja la racetam ndi momwe adayambitsira zaka za m'ma 1970. Mosiyana, pramiracetam ndi zotumphukira zamankhwala anzeru.

Ma racetams awiriwa ali ndi zotsatira zofanana. Komabe, zimasiyana ndi mamangidwe awo maselo ndi potency. Mwachitsanzo, pramiracetam mankhwala anzeru amatha mpaka 30 nthawi zambiri ndipo amagwira ntchito bwino kuposa oyambira ake. Zowonjezera, nootropic ili ndi bioavailability apamwamba.

Malangizo a Pramiracetam Stack

Pramiracetam imayambitsa zotsatira za ma nootropics ena. Ndi mankhwala amphamvu pachidutswa chimodzi koma mutha kumadzaza ndi ma genetams ena ndi ma supporin a cholinergic.

Ngati ndinu watsopano mu nootropics domain, simuyenera kukhala achangu kuti musayese pramiracetam okwana. Kupatula apo, mankhwala anzeru awa amagwirabe ntchito moyenera monga chinthu chokha chokhacho. Pomwe makina anu amatha kuthana ndi zovuta za pramiracetam, mudzamasuka kuphatikiza ndi nootropics ena.

Ma Cholinergic othandizira ali abwino pazenera izi chifukwa amakongoletsa mutu wa pramiracetam.

Pramiracetam ndi Oxiracetam Stack

Mosakayikira stack iyi imakulitsa kuwonjezera luso lanu kuyang'ana, kukhala atcheru, ndi kubwerera m'mbuyomu.

Pa gawo lililonse la wochita, mudzayenera kutenga magawo anayi a makapisozi a pramiracetam. Mwachitsanzo, ngati chisa chanu chikuphatikiza mlingo wa 800mg wa pramiracetam, muyenera kuphatikiza 200mg ya oxiracetam.

  • Mlingo watsiku ndi tsiku
  • 200mg a oxiracetam
  • 800mg ya pramiracetam
  • 300mg wa choline

Pramiracetam ndi Aniracetam Stack

Kuphatikiza pakulimbikitsa kugwira ntchito kwa ubongo, maubwino awiriwa atha kuthana ndi nkhawa, kusasamala, komanso kukhumudwa.

Aniracetam ali ndi theka lalifupi moyo poyerekeza ndi mnzake. Chifukwa chake, imayamba pakanthawi ndikuyamba kuchita musanadziwe phindu la pramiracetam. Kumangirira izi ziwiri kudzakuthandizaninso kuti musathe kulekerera chimodzi.

Pa mulingo uliwonse wa pramiracetam, mudzafunika pafupifupi 600mg ya aniracetam.

  • Mlingo watsiku ndi tsiku
  • 600mg aniracetam
  • 400mg pramiracetam
  • Chotsani cha 300mg

Pramiracetam ndi gulu la Alpha GPC

Izi pramiracetam zambiri gwero lenileni la acetylcholine. Sikuti zimangowonjezera ntchito za ubongo komanso zimathandizira kukumbukira. Kuphatikiza kwa Alpha GPC ndikuti imapulumuka kwambiri chifukwa ikudutsa chotchinga bongo.

Kuphatikiza ndi GPC choline ndikuwongolera zina mwatsoka za Pramiracetam monga mutu. Kupatula apo, imakonzanso ma neuron, kukonza ma cell owoneka bwino, ndikupanga acetylcholine, womwe ndi neurotransmitter yofunika kukumbukira.

Kuti mupeze mlingo wanu watsiku ndi tsiku, muyenera 400mg ya Alpha GPC enaake.

  • Mlingo watsiku ndi tsiku
  • 400mg Alpha GPC yowonjezera
  • 400mg pramiracetam

pramiracetam

Pramiracetam coluracetam okwana

Coluracetam imatsitsimula malingaliro anu, imakulitsa kusinkhasinkha, ndikubwezeretsa kukumbukira kwakanthawi. Imawonjezera kutuluka kwa choline m'maselo a neuronal. Zowonjezera, zowonjezera ndizabwino kwa kupenya kwamaso chifukwa zimakonza mitsempha ya kuwala ndi kuwonongeka kwa retina.

Pazambiri zanu za pramiracetam, 30mg za coluracetam zakwana.

  • Mlingo watsiku ndi tsiku
  • 30mg ya coluracetam
  • 400mg ya pramiracetam
  • Chotsani cha 300mg

Kodi ndi kuti kugula pramiracetam ufa?

Mutha kugula nootropics pramiracetam mu ufa, kapisozi, kapena mapiritsi. Mankhwala anzeru sanalandire kuvomerezedwa ndi FDA koma mutha kuyiyimbirabe pamisika yogulitsa. Pali misika yakuda ingapo ndikufunika, onetsetsani kuti mwatsatsa ogulitsa otchuka pa intaneti.

Mutha kutikonzera banki kuti tipeze dongosolo lanu chifukwa tili ndi mbiri yotsimikizika yogulitsa nootropics zovomerezeka. Timayesa mayeso palokha pawokha malonda athu musanagulitse kwa makasitomala athu odziwika.

Ngati mukuganiza kuti chifukwa chiyani makapisozi a pramiracetam amakhala amtengo wapatali kuposa ma racetams ena, ndikupatsani chifukwa. Kugwirizanitsa chinthuchi kuli pafupi ndi chithunzi chachi Greek. Njirayi ndi yovuta kwambiri kuposa momwe imapangidwira popanga ma nootropics ambiri.

Kutsiliza

Nootropics pramiracetam ndi mankhwala anzeru owonjezera pakukulitsa mphamvu yanu yophunzirira. Ndisankho labwino kwa okalamba komanso anthu athanzi omwe akufuna kuyang'ana, kukhala maso, komanso kusasunthika maganizo pantchito zawo za tsiku ndi tsiku. Chowonjezera chimathandizira odwala omwe ali ndi vuto la neurodegenerative kuti abwezeretsenso kukumbukira kwawo komwe kwatayika ndikusunga chidziwitso chilichonse.

Ma nootropics onse adakumana ndi mayeso oyesa koma pramiracetam ndi ena mwa ochepa omwe ayesedwa pazinthu za anthu. Kuchokera pazafukufuku osiyanasiyana, zikuwonekeratu kuti mankhwalawo ndiabwino kuti azitha kumwa komanso ovomerezeka m'thupi.

Zothandizira
  1. McLean, A., Cardenas, DD, Burgess, D., Gamzu, E. (1991). Kuphunzira koyendetsedwa ndi placebo kwa pramiracetam kwa anyamata achinyamata kukumbukira ndi mavuto amisala chifukwa chovulala pamutu komanso kudzoza. Ubongo Wovulaza.
  2. Corasaniti, MT, et al. (1995). Systemic makonzedwe a pramiracetam kumawonjezera nitric oxide synthase ntchito mu ubongo kotekisi. Ntchito Neurology.
  3. Tkachev, AV (2007). Kugwiritsa ntchito nootropic wothandizika pa matenda a odwala omwe ali ndi ubongo. Likars'ka sprava.
  4. Pugsley, TA, et al. (1983). Zina zamitsempha zama pramiracetam (CI-879), othandizira othandizira kuzindikira. Kafukufuku wa Development wa Mankhwala / Buku Lachitatu, Nkhani 3.
  5. Auteri, A., Blardi, P., Celasco, G., Segre, G., Urso, R. (1992). Pharmacokinetics ya pramiracetam mu odzipereka athanzi pambuyo pakamwa. International Journal of Clinical Pharmacology Kafukufuku.
  6. Claus, JJ, et al. (1991). Mankhwala a nootropic mu matenda a Alzheimer's: chithandizo chamankhwala ndi pramiracetam.
  7. Chang, T., Achichepere, MR, Goulet, RJ, ndi Yakatan, JG (1985). Pharmacokinetics ya pramiracetam ya pakamwa mwa odzipereka odzipereka. Zolemba za Clinical Pharmacology.

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