1. Alpha-Lactalbumin
2.Beta-Lactoglobulin
3. Lactoperoxidase (LP)
4.Immunoglobulin G (IgG)
5. Lactoferrin (LF)


Mapuloteni ndi chiyani

Mapuloteni amapezeka thupi lonse — minofu, mafupa, khungu, tsitsi, komanso mbali zina zonse za thupi. Amapanga ma enzymes omwe amathandizira kusintha kwamitundu yambiri ndi hemoglobin yomwe imanyamula oxygen m'magazi anu. Mapuloteni osiyanasiyana osachepera 10,000 amakupangani zomwe muli ndikukusungani motero.

Mapuloteni amapereka mphamvu komanso amathandizira kuchitika kwanu ndi kuzindikira. Ndizofunikira kwambiri pakumanga, kukonza, ndikonzanso minofu, maselo, ndi ziwalo mthupi lonse.

Kodi Zambiri Zapuloteni Ndi Chiyani?

Ma protein a protein amapezeka m'mapulogalamu azakudya za nyama kapena zomera monga mkaka, mazira, mpunga kapena nandolo. Ma protein a protein amachokera kumagulu osiyanasiyana ndipo amapezeka osiyanasiyana. Anthu amawagwiritsa ntchito kuti achulukitse minofu, kusintha thupi lonse ndikuthandizira kukwaniritsa zofuna zawo.

Koma Ndi Mtundu Wanji wa Ma protein A protein

Pali mitundu yambiri yosiyanasiyana yamapulogalamu osakanikirana ndi mapuloteni kunja kwake, amatha kumva mopweteketsa nthawi zina. Apa pansipa pali magawo 5 abwino kwambiri a protein.

1.Alpha-LactalbuminPhcoker

Alpha-lactalbumin ndi protein yachilengedwe yokhala ndi chilengedwe mwachilengedwe yazonse zofunikira ndi ma amino acid (BCAA) zachilengedwe, zomwe zimapangitsa kuti ikhale gwero lamapuloteni ena onse. Ma amino acid ofunikira kwambiri mu alpha-lactalbumin ndi tryptophan ndi cysteine, pamodzi ndi BCAAs; leucine, isoleucine ndi valine.

Chifukwa cha zomwe zili ndi masamba ambiri a amino acid (BCAA, ~ 26%), makamaka leucine, alpha-lactalbumin amathandizira ndikutsitsimutsa mapuloteni amtundu wa minofu, ndikupangitsa kuti ikhale gwero lamapuloteni labwino kwambiri lokhudza thanzi la minofu ndikuthandizira kupewa sarcopenia panthawi ya ukalamba.

2.Beta-LactoglobulinPhcoker

Beta-Lactoglobulin (ß-lactoglobulin, BLG) ndiye mapuloteni akuluakulu amkaka wowala ndipo amapezekanso mkaka wa nyama zina, koma samapezeka mkaka wa anthu. Beta-lactoglobulin Mapuloteni a lipocalin, ndipo amatha kumanga ma mamolekyulu ambiri a hydrophobic, ndikuwonetsa udindo pakunyamula. β-lactoglobulin yawonetsedwanso kuti ikhoza kumangiriza zitsulo kudzera mu siderophores ndipo motero imatha kukhala ndi gawo polimbana ndi tizilombo toyambitsa matenda. β-Lactoglobulin imayambitsa magwiridwe antchito komanso opatsa thanzi zomwe zapangitsa kuti mapuloteniwa akhale zinthu zingapo zogwiritsidwa ntchito pophatikiza zakudya zambiri komanso mitundu yambiri.

3.Lactoperoxidase (LP)Phcoker

Lactoperoxidase ndi enzyme yachilengedwe yopezeka mkaka wa nyama zambiri zomwe zimayamwa, komanso zinthu zina zamthupi monga misozi ndi malovu. Imagwira ngati chothandizira, kuphatikiza mafupa a thiocyanate pamaso pa hydrogen peroxide mu hypothiocyanous acid. Asidi amasiyana mu mkaka ndi ma michere a hypothiocyanate amatengeka ndi magulu a suphydryl kuti atulitse michere ya mabakiteriya. Izi zimalepheretsa kuti mabakiteriya achulukane komanso kuti athe kukulitsa kukoma kwa mkaka waiwisi.

Lactoperoxidase amadziwika kuti ali ndi antimicrobial and antioxidant katundu. Malinga ndi kafukufuku wofalitsidwa mu Journal of Applied Microbiology, ili ndi ma antibacterial omwe ndi othandiza pakhungu ndipo amatha kuthetsa mabakiteriya oyambitsa ziphuphu. Lactoperoxidase ndi gawo lofunikira pazophatikizira zomwe zimagwiritsidwa ntchito poletsa yisiti, bowa, ma virus ndi mabakiteriya kukula mu zodzikongoletsera ndi zinthu zina zokongola.

Lactoperoxidase ndi glycoprotein yokhala ndi ntchito yotsutsana ndi ma virus, imagwiritsidwa ntchito ngati chophatikizira chothandizira kupangitsa kukhazikika kwa mawonekedwe ndi moyo wa alumali.

4.Immunoglobulin G (IgG)Phcoker

Immunoglobulin G (IgG) Ndi antiopu wamphamvu kwambiri m'magazi (plasma), amene amakhala 70-75% ya ma immunoglobulins (ma antibodies). IgG imatulutsa zinthu zovulaza ndipo ndizofunikira pakuzindikiritsa ma antigen-antibody ma leukocytes ndi macrophages. IgG imasamutsidwa kwa fetus kudzera mu placenta ndikuteteza khanda mpaka chitetezo chake chitha kugwira ntchito.

Immunoglobulin ikhoza kumangiriza tizilombo tating'onoting'ono ndi poizoni kuti apange ma antibodies, omwe amatha kupititsa patsogolo chitetezo chathupi.

5.Lactoferrin(LF)Phcoker

Lactoferrin ndi mapuloteni omwe amapezeka mwachilengedwe mkaka kuchokera kwa anthu ndi ng'ombe. Amapezekanso ndimadzi ena angapo mthupi monga malovu, misonzi, ntchofu, ndi bile. Lactoferrin imapezeka kwambiri mu colostrum, mtundu woyamba wa mkaka wa m'mawere wopangidwa mwana atabadwa. Ntchito zazikulu za Lactoferrin m'thupi zimaphatikizapo kumangiriza ndi kunyamula chitsulo. Zimathandizanso kulimbana ndi matenda.

Lactoferrin ndikofunikira pakuwonjezeka kwa chitetezo cha mthupi kwa akhanda oyamwitsa. Imakhala ndi antibacterial komanso chitetezo chothandizira kwa ana akhanda. LF ndi gawo limodzi la chitetezo chathupi lomwe limayang'anira chitetezo cha mucosal, chifukwa cha ntchito yake yayikulu yotsutsana.

Lactoferrin ndi lactoferrin othandizira aphunziridwa kwambiri. Anthu ena amatenga othandizira a lactoferrin kuti apindule ndi antioxidant komanso anti-kutupa.

Mu ulimi wama mafakitale, lactoferrin ufa umagwiritsidwa ntchito kupha mabakiteriya pokonza nyama.

Tsamba:

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